More than a quarter of Zambia's 11 to 12 million people live in two urban areas near the center: in the capital of Lusaka and in the industrial towns of the Copperbelt.
The rest of Zambia is very sparsely populated, and the majority of people make their living as subsistence farmers.
In four decades of independence, Zambia has found peace, but not prosperity. it is one of the poorest and least developed nations on earth. Nearly two-thirds of the population live on less than a dollar a day.
Population: 15,510,711 (2016)
Adults Living with HIV: 1,211,900 (2015)
Children Living with HIV: 85,000 (2015)
Annual Deaths Due to AIDS: 19,800 (2015)
Kids <5 Underweight: 14.8% (2014)
* All statistics are taken from the CIA World Factbook